Some of the many Temptations of St. Anthony:
Hieronymus Bosch, (detail) 1500-ish
Bernardino Parenzano, 1494
Pieter Huys, 1547
Mathis Gothart Grünewald (yes, his real surname was GOTH-ART), 1515
Felicien Rops, 1878
Béla Kondor, 1966
Kris Kuksi, 2009
Max Ernst, 1945
*Click above for higher-res images. The devil is in the details, so to speak.
Author James McDonald on Saint Anthony and Christian artists:
Self inflicted torture - often historically genuine - was a popular subject for Christian artists. Saint Anthony (c. 251–356) chose to live in the the alkaline Nitrian Desert region, west of Alexandria. There he remained for some 13 years. Supposedly, the devil fought St. Anthony by afflicting him with boredom, laziness, and phantom women, providing a popular theme for Christian art. Along with imaginary martyrdoms this was an ideal excuse for painting naked woman.
Anthony moved to a tomb, where he closed the door on himself - allowing Christian artists to introduce the other popular theme of death. When the devil observed his ascetic life, he became envious for some reason and decided to beat him - allowing Christian artists to include scenes of beating and flagellation.
He went back into the desert to a mountain by the Nile called Pispir, where he now lived strictly enclosed in an abandoned Roman fort for some twenty years. The devil - or perhaps his own disturbed unconscious - resumed the war against the unfortunate Saint. It not seem to have occurred to him, or any Christian writer, that living alone in the desert for years, fasting and with no activity other than self-denial might induce sexual fantasies and hallucinations.